Poverty: A Major Cause of Criminality in Women in Pakistan

  • Dr. Asma Islam Assistant Professor of Sociology, Riphah International University, Faisalabad, Pakistan
  • Muhammad Zaka-Ud-Din Deputy Director Social Welfare & Bait-Ul-Maal DG Khan.
  • Farman Haider M.Phil. research scholar RIPHAH International University Faisalabad, Pakistan.
  • Munmber Zahara M.Phil. research scholar RIPHAH International University Faisalabad, Pakistan.


Millions of people and communities worldwide experience poverty. This research examines the complex relationship between poverty and crime, showing how economic hardship can lead to criminality in Punjab Pakistan. The research synthesizes material to explain how poverty causes crime.The relationship between poverty and crime has long fascinated experts, policymakers, and the public. Numerous studies have linked poverty to higher crime rates, especially in underprivileged neighborhoods. Due to limited access to education, healthcare, and work, poverty can foster crime. This research discusses strain, social disorganization, and relative deprivation ideas that explain poverty-crime. These beliefs argue that economically disadvantaged people are more inclined to turn to crime to meet their wants and advance socially. The abstract also examines how poverty may affect crime. It describes how economic deprivation can affect educational attainment, healthcare access, and social mobility, raising the likelihood of crime.  Data was collected from 5 major prisons in Punjab Pakistan by the researcher herself through the Questionnaire. Major findings included, a lack of genuine prospects and the promise of quick money can lead some to unlawful activities, perpetuating poverty and crime. Poverty-crime policy consequences are also discussed in the research. Poverty reduction through social welfare, education, and job creation is stressed to lower crime rates. Evidence-based socioeconomic initiatives can interrupt the poverty-crime cycle in underprivileged communities. Poverty and crime have a complicated relationship. Poverty is a major factor in crime, as this research shows from the literature. It proposes a holistic approach that addresses poverty's core causes to reduce crime and promote community well-being.

Key Words:  Women, Poverty, Unemployment, Criminality, Prisons, Punjab, Pakistan.

How to Cite
Dr. Asma Islam, Muhammad Zaka-Ud-Din, Farman Haider, & Munmber Zahara. (2023). Poverty: A Major Cause of Criminality in Women in Pakistan. GUMAN, 6(3), 189-196. Retrieved from http://guman.com.pk/index.php/GUMAN/article/view/630